Do You Split Shallots Before Planting

Planting Shallots: Do You Split Shallots Before Planting?

Shallots are a culinary delight and bringing them to life in your own garden is a rewarding experience. As a member of the Allium family and closely related to onions, shallots have an exquisite taste that adds depth to a variety of dishes. If you’re an aspiring gardener looking to grow these flavorful bulbs, you might be wondering if you need to split them before planting. In this article, we’ll explore the answer to this question and discuss the steps to successfully plant and grow shallots.

To Split or Not to Split

The answer is simple – no, you do not need to split shallots before planting them. Shallots grow in clusters similar to garlic, producing offsets or “daughter” bulbs around the main bulb. When planting shallots, it’s best to plant the whole bulb, as this will eventually grow into a cluster of new bulbs.

By understanding the way shallots grow and produce bulbs, you can ensure that you achieve the best possible results. Now, let’s move on to the steps to successfully plant and grow your shallots.

Step 1: Choose the Right Variety

Select a suitable shallot variety based on your region’s climate and personal taste preferences. Popular shallot varieties include French Red, Dutch Yellow, and Ambition. Purchase high-quality shallot bulbs or “sets” from your local nursery or online garden retailers.

Step 2: Prepare the Soil

Shallots grow best in well-draining soil with a pH level between 6.0 and 7.0[^5^]. If needed, you can improve your soil’s drainage by working with organic matter like compost. Preparing the soil in advance by tilling and removing weeds will ensure the ideal environment for planting shallots.

Step 3: Plant at the Right Time

Plant shallots in the fall or early spring, depending on your region. In warmer climates, planting in the fall allows shallots to grow throughout the winter and be ready for harvest in spring or early summer. In cooler regions, plant shallots as soon as the soil can be worked in early spring.

Step 4: Plant the Shallot Bulbs

Plant the whole, unsplit shallot bulbs 1 inch deep, with the pointed end facing up. Space each bulb 4 to 6 inches apart to allow room for the cluster of new bulbs to grow. Rows should be spaced 12 to 18 inches apart.

Step 5: Care for Your Growing Shallots

Water shallots regularly, keeping the soil evenly moist. Shallots have shallow roots and inadequate water can lead to a poor yield. Fertilize shallots with a balanced organic fertilizer to support healthy growth. Keep your shallot bed weed-free, as competing plants can hinder their growth.

Step 6: Harvest and Enjoy

In most cases, shallots are ready to harvest when their tops turn yellow and begin to fall over. Using a garden fork or a similar tool, carefully lift the shallots out of the ground. Leave them to dry and cure for 7 to 10 days in a warm, airy spot before removing the tops and roots. Store your shallots in a cool, dry place and enjoy their incredible flavor in your cooking.


Growing shallots requires patience and attention to soil, climate, and planting techniques. However, by following these steps and understanding that you do not need to split shallots before planting, you will reap the rewards of a successful harvest. Happy gardening!






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